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7.3.2 Using a callback to select the certificate to use

There are cases where a client holds several certificate and key pairs, and may not want to load all of them in the credentials structure. The following example demonstrates the use of the certificate selection callback.

/* This example code is placed in the public domain. */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include <config.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <gnutls/gnutls.h>
#include <gnutls/x509.h>
#include <gnutls/abstract.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

/* A TLS client that loads the certificate and key.
 */

#define CHECK(x) assert((x)>=0)

#define MAX_BUF 1024
#define MSG "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n\r\n"

#define CERT_FILE "cert.pem"
#define KEY_FILE "key.pem"
#define CAFILE "/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt"

extern int tcp_connect(void);
extern void tcp_close(int sd);

static int
cert_callback(gnutls_session_t session,
              const gnutls_datum_t * req_ca_rdn, int nreqs,
              const gnutls_pk_algorithm_t * sign_algos,
              int sign_algos_length, gnutls_pcert_st ** pcert,
              unsigned int *pcert_length, gnutls_privkey_t * pkey);

gnutls_pcert_st pcrt;
gnutls_privkey_t key;

/* Load the certificate and the private key.
 */
static void load_keys(void)
{
        gnutls_datum_t data;

        CHECK(gnutls_load_file(CERT_FILE, &data));

        CHECK(gnutls_pcert_import_x509_raw(&pcrt, &data,
                                           GNUTLS_X509_FMT_PEM, 0));

        gnutls_free(data.data);

        CHECK(gnutls_load_file(KEY_FILE, &data));

        CHECK(gnutls_privkey_init(&key));

        CHECK(gnutls_privkey_import_x509_raw(key, &data,
                                             GNUTLS_X509_FMT_PEM,
                                             NULL, 0));
        gnutls_free(data.data);
}

int main(void)
{
        int ret, sd, ii;
        gnutls_session_t session;
        char buffer[MAX_BUF + 1];
        gnutls_certificate_credentials_t xcred;
        
        if (gnutls_check_version("3.1.4") == NULL) {
                fprintf(stderr, "GnuTLS 3.1.4 or later is required for this example\n");
                exit(1);
        }

        /* for backwards compatibility with gnutls < 3.3.0 */
        CHECK(gnutls_global_init());

        load_keys();

        /* X509 stuff */
        CHECK(gnutls_certificate_allocate_credentials(&xcred));

        /* sets the trusted cas file
         */
        CHECK(gnutls_certificate_set_x509_trust_file(xcred, CAFILE,
                                                     GNUTLS_X509_FMT_PEM));

        gnutls_certificate_set_retrieve_function2(xcred, cert_callback);

        /* Initialize TLS session 
         */
        CHECK(gnutls_init(&session, GNUTLS_CLIENT));

        /* Use default priorities */
        CHECK(gnutls_set_default_priority(session));

        /* put the x509 credentials to the current session
         */
        CHECK(gnutls_credentials_set(session, GNUTLS_CRD_CERTIFICATE, xcred));

        /* connect to the peer
         */
        sd = tcp_connect();

        gnutls_transport_set_int(session, sd);

        /* Perform the TLS handshake
         */
        ret = gnutls_handshake(session);

        if (ret < 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "*** Handshake failed\n");
                gnutls_perror(ret);
                goto end;
        } else {
                char *desc;

                desc = gnutls_session_get_desc(session);
                printf("- Session info: %s\n", desc);
                gnutls_free(desc);
        }

        CHECK(gnutls_record_send(session, MSG, strlen(MSG)));

        ret = gnutls_record_recv(session, buffer, MAX_BUF);
        if (ret == 0) {
                printf("- Peer has closed the TLS connection\n");
                goto end;
        } else if (ret < 0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "*** Error: %s\n", gnutls_strerror(ret));
                goto end;
        }

        printf("- Received %d bytes: ", ret);
        for (ii = 0; ii < ret; ii++) {
                fputc(buffer[ii], stdout);
        }
        fputs("\n", stdout);

        CHECK(gnutls_bye(session, GNUTLS_SHUT_RDWR));

      end:

        tcp_close(sd);

        gnutls_deinit(session);

        gnutls_certificate_free_credentials(xcred);

        gnutls_global_deinit();

        return 0;
}



/* This callback should be associated with a session by calling
 * gnutls_certificate_client_set_retrieve_function( session, cert_callback),
 * before a handshake.
 */

static int
cert_callback(gnutls_session_t session,
              const gnutls_datum_t * req_ca_rdn, int nreqs,
              const gnutls_pk_algorithm_t * sign_algos,
              int sign_algos_length, gnutls_pcert_st ** pcert,
              unsigned int *pcert_length, gnutls_privkey_t * pkey)
{
        char issuer_dn[256];
        int i, ret;
        size_t len;
        gnutls_certificate_type_t type;

        /* Print the server's trusted CAs
         */
        if (nreqs > 0)
                printf("- Server's trusted authorities:\n");
        else
                printf
                    ("- Server did not send us any trusted authorities names.\n");

        /* print the names (if any) */
        for (i = 0; i < nreqs; i++) {
                len = sizeof(issuer_dn);
                ret = gnutls_x509_rdn_get(&req_ca_rdn[i], issuer_dn, &len);
                if (ret >= 0) {
                        printf("   [%d]: ", i);
                        printf("%s\n", issuer_dn);
                }
        }

        /* Select a certificate and return it.
         * The certificate must be of any of the "sign algorithms"
         * supported by the server.
         */
        type = gnutls_certificate_type_get(session);
        if (type == GNUTLS_CRT_X509) {
                *pcert_length = 1;
                *pcert = &pcrt;
                *pkey = key;
        } else {
                return -1;
        }

        return 0;

}

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